Soldier 1890


Victorinox 1891 Soldier In 1891, the Swiss Soldier Knife was the Victorinox knife that started it all for the Swiss company - and country! This was the first Swiss Army Knife  built in Switzerland, under contract for the Swiss Army.
The Soldier Knife was issued to enlisted officers and soldiers as a rifle maintenance tool, as well as having a can-opener for ration tins, an awl for punching holes, and of course a blade.
This multi-tooled knife, defined by its quality construction and incredible utility, would go on to define the Victorinox company, and even the Swiss nation for the next century, and beyond.
This original model, with only small updates, was issued for an incredible 50+ years until 1951, at which time a slightly smaller version of this knife was adopted.

Design Drawing for the Original Soldier Knife - Model 1890

Elsener Schwyz 1924 Soldier's Knife
Elsener Schwyz 1924 Soldier's Knife

Layer Tools

Victorinox 125th Anniversary Limited Edition - 1884 Heritage Knife
Victorinox 125th Anniversary Limited Edition - 1884 Heritage Knife

Scale Tools

While the popular, and often defining, toothpick and tweezers were added later to most Victorinox knives, especially the Officer  family, even to this day (2017)  they have never been included in the army's official issue Soldier Knives, presumably because they are too easily lost in the field, or are not regarded as essential tools for a soldier.


Initially black wood, later brown fibre.




1890 Soldier Developments

The original Swiss Soldier Knife was issued to Swiss troops beginning in 1891, and has continued every year to the present day, with this model being issued until 1951.
Knives produced after 1920 have the year of production stamped on the tang of the main blade as two digits: YY - e.g. '36 ' for 1936.
The knives were originally produced with wooden handles and regular steel.
After 19xx the handles were switched to a brown fibrous material.
Stainless steel was introduced in 1923 (? TBC) a few years after it was invented.

Soldier Evolution

The knife was redesigned in 1951, creating essentially a scaled down version of this knife, resulting in a lighter weight, smaller 93mm Soldier's Knife with fibre scales (handles).
In 1961 the Soldier Knife was completely redesigned, resulting in the 93mm Alox scaled Soldier knife which was issued to troops for nearly another 50 years until 2008.
In 2008 the Soldier was again redesigned, this time creating the 111mm Soldier Knife with a locking blade and screwdriver/pry-bar.

125 Anniversary Edition

In 2009 as part of its Jubilee Anniversary Series, the 125 year old Victorinox company released a limited edition replica of the original Soldier's Knife, known as the 125th Anniversary Heritage Swiss Army Knife.

A total of 7,536 anniversary knives were produced - 1,884 in each of four zones:
Zone I: Switzerland; Zone II: Europe;
Zone III: The rest of the world (Ubrige Welt); Zone IV: USA and Canada.

Each knife was stamped with its particular number and zone, on the liner behind the awl.
For example: 0059/1884 IV - The 59th knife out of 1,884 produced for zone IV.
These numbers also appear on the certificate of authenticity that accompanies each knife.


  • 200 Victoria: Model number for the fibre handled Soldier's knife
  • 200 inox Victoria: Model number for the fibre handled stainless steel Soldier's knife
  • 51884 US Model: 125th Anniversary replica - Limited Edition
  • 0.1891.J Victorinox AN: 125th Anniversary replica - Limited Edition

Related Knives

  • Officer's Knife - The 'second' Victorinox knife, released in 1897 - and not a moment too soon!
  • Soldier 1951 - 93mm fiber handled knife with bolsters
  • Soldier 1961 - 93mm Alox scaled Soldier's knife, 1961 design
  • Soldier 2008 - 111mm synthetic scaled Soldier's knife, with saw and locking blade


  • Standard Issue - The Wenger manufactured Soldier Knife (Soldat) from almost the same time-period, built to the same military specifications
Created by ICanFixThat. Last Modification: Wednesday 03 of January, 2018 12:15:33 CET by Huntsman.

Victorinox Models

Delémont Collection

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Wenger Models

130mm 1 2 3 4 5 Image
120mm 1 2 3 4 5 Image
85mm 1 2 3 4 5 + Image
65mm 1 2 3 Image
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