Officers Knife

Victorinox Officer's and Sports Knife from 1897 The original Victorinox Officer's Knife, is probably the most important knife in Victorinox's long history, and is the predecessor of what most people regard as a Swiss Army Knife.

This knife was originally registered with the patent office in 1897 as the Officer's and Sports Knife. It was only preceded by the Original Soldier's Knife, but unlike the Soldier, it was never part of a military contract. Officers and gentlemen purchased the knife at cutlery stores.

The knife's popularity was critical at the time, as the company (which would later be known as Victorinox) was close to bankruptcy, and its success is credited with saving the company. In a sense it also bridged a society gap and entrenched multi-tool pocket knives in all levels of society. This would help to ensure the longevity of Victorinox, and also establish the great Swiss tradition of quality.

The Small-Blade and famous Corkscrew made their debut in the Officer's Knife.

Layer Tools

Back Layer Tools

Scale Tools

  • Shackle - often referred to as a Bail.


Wood, later fiber


From Victorinox:
The Soldier's knife was very robust but relatively heavy. Karl Elsener therefore developed a lighter and more elegant knife for officers, which had even more functions.

He called this new model of pocket knife, which had only two springs for six tools, the 'Officer's and Sports Knife'. It was legally registered on June 12, 1897.

However, unlike the Soldier's knife, the Officer's Knife did not become part of the army's official equipment - which is why Victorinox writes the name 'Officer's Knife' in quotation marks.

This knife was the first of the 91mm knives (see Knife Sizes below) from Victorinox and over the next 100+ years spawned a whole family of models, as Victorinox added more and more tools to their pocket knife. Other features of the knife also changed, for example the original wooden or fibre scales were replaced by celluloid and later Cellidor, and bails, keyrings, toothpicks and tweezers were added. The tools themselves also evolved and changed as Victorinox refined their designs.

The Officer's Knife is still available today, but in a modern form as the Spartan.

The 2012 Special Edition Spartan (1.3603.L12) is a numbered edition in special packaging that celebrates 115 years of the Officer's Knife.

Knife Sizes

The 1903 catalogue listed this knife as being 9cm long. However originally all these knives were hand made, so there are likely to be small fluctuations from this precise length.
By the 1940's the length is formally described as 90mm as can be seen from this late-1940's catalogue page.
The length of this family changed to 91mm in the early 1950's, along with the many other major changes that occurred around that time, such as the change to aluminum liners, change of distances between the rivets, introduction of the new 1951 can opener, etc..

Related Knives

  • Original Soldier - The military issue knife from the same time period. No backspring tools, and no corkscrew or small knife blade
  • Spartan - The current incarnation of the Officer's Knife, featuring the modern equivalent toolset
Created by ICanFixThat. Last Modification: Wednesday 28 of November, 2018 15:09:28 CET by Huntsman.

Victorinox Models

Delémont Collection

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